The Stabat Mater by the Italian late baroque composer Giovanni Battista Pergolesi (1710- 1736) invariably holds the number one position in many western classical music charts. In Pergolesi’s own era, his composition received enormous acclaim and was frequently a source of inspiration for the many tone poets who wanted to follow in his footsteps. Why has this pole position remained inviolable throughout the centuries and why is the Stabat Mater unanimously proclaimed as the ultimate composition of the classical repertoire by a hugely diverse and widely spread audience, year after year? The fact that so many people are moved by this textbook example of simple, captivating sacred music has intrigued us for years and led us to study this work more closely in an attempt to find out what the ingredients of this special composition are.
Has Pergolesi found the perfect balance between reason and emotion? Is his work the nec plus ultra in terms of musical experience and immersion? Or is the glory and widespread familiarity of the work mainly due to its mainstream exposure via movies and television?
As always, we wanted this quest to be as authentic as possible so we could rediscover the original intentions of the composer. To achieve this, we tried to distance our- selves from established choices regarding phrasing and dynamic, and from possibly standardised tempi. We let ourselves be inspired by a virginal score, stripped of all possible input and interpretations in order to be surprised again by the fundamental intentions of the composer. During this process, we constructed a contemporary inter- pretation of the original text in the universal – and very topical – theme of the helpless mother that sees her child suffering. All these elements led to this re-interpretation of Pergolesi’s masterpiece.
The content of this text is very emotional and compelling. Mary’s lament at the foot of the cross upon which her son has died,
is imbued with intense emotions. The fact that Pergolesi wrote this work in seclusion in a monastery during the last year of his life, when he knew he was dying – he died of tuberculosis at a very young age undoubtedly influenced his interpretation of this medieval poem. Through the masterful melodies that flowed from his quill, combined with compelling tonalities and the clever use of numerous rhetorical devices, his music expresses the emotional truth of the narrative succinctly and completely immerses the listener in the story.
For this version, we brought together two wonderful vocalists who are symbiotic and complementary both in terms of personality and musical interpretation. To emphasise the intimate and personal character of the work we have deliberately chosen a string ensemble with solo instruments, supported by the most traditional line-up of basso continuo in sacred music (organ & theorbo), which was given all possible improvisational freedom. This resulted in a ‘new’, fresh interpretation of this well-known piece of music, while we searched for the primal emotions of this beautiful poem about Mary and the melody it inspired.
After Pergolesi’s intense musical interpretation of this enthralling poem, there can only be respectful silence: for the suffering of mother and son; and for the greatness of this baroque, inspirational composer and his sublime work.
However, we decided to juxtapose the mother’s suffering with Magdalene’s loss. The Venetian composer Antonio Caldara wrote an oratorio, Maddalena ai Piedi di Cristo, in which this more earthly love is beautifully set to music. His sacred music excels through its simplicity, transparency and endlessly creative melodic inventions. The wondrous melodies grow with limitless artistry out of a simple bass structure, with which Caldara manages to create an enormously expressive piece and – like Pergolesi – translate this text into music so well. We chose three arias from the oratorio sung by Magdalene, which reflect her loss while she stands at the feet of her beloved Jesus.
You can hear Mary and Mary Magdalene cry, sob and gasp for breath, weighed down by this intense sorrow, but sublimely set to music by Pergolesi and Caldara.
1. Stabat Mater, P. 77 Stabat Mater dolorosa (04:34) - G. B. Pergolesi
2. Stabat Mater, P. 77 Cujus animam gementem (02:09) - G. B. Pergolesi
3. Stabat Mater, P. 77 O quam tristis et afflicta (02:23) - G. B. Pergolesi
4. Stabat Mater, P. 77 Quae moerebat et dolebat (02:10) - G. B. Pergolesi
5. Stabat Mater, P. 77 Quis est homo, qui non fleret (03:06) - G. B. Pergolesi
6. Stabat Mater, P. 77 Vidit suum dulcem natum (03:39) - G. B. Pergolesi
7. Stabat Mater, P. 77 Eja, Mater, fons amois (02:26) - G. B. Pergolesi
8. Stabat Mater, P. 77 Fac ut ardeat cor meum (02:13) - G. B. Pergolesi
9. Stabat Mater, P. 77 Sancta Mater, istud agas (06:08) - G. B. Pergolesi
10. Stabat Mater, P. 77 Fac, ut portem Christi moetem (03:41) - G. B. Pergolesi
11. Stabat Mater, P. 77 Inflammatus et accensus (02:15) - G. B. Pergolesi
12. Stabat Mater, P. 77 Quando corpus morietur (04:48) - G. B. Pergolesi
13. Maddalena ai piedi di Cristo Per il mar del pianto mio (05:03) - A. Caldara
14. Maddalena ai piedi di Cristo Pompe inutili (07:29) - A. Caldara
15. Maddalena ai piedi di Cristo Voglio piangere (04:40) - A. Caldara